Gulf Coast Lines


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 Gulf Coast Lines included the following railroads:

 The corporate organizations of the Gulf Coast Lines railroads were absorbed into Missouri Pacific in March 1956.



Rear cover advertisement from May 1921 Gulf Coast Lines public timetable.

New Orleans, Texas & Mexico (NOT&M)

The NOT&M served as the primary corporate structure under which the Gulf Coast Lines system was built, thus deserving a more detailed look at its organizational history.

The New Orleans, Texas & Mexico Railroad was originally chartered in Louisiana in May 1905, as the Colorado, Southern, New Orleans & Pacific RR.  The CSNO&P name was changed to New Orleans, Texas & Mexico in April 1910.  Trackage extended from Baton Rouge LA to Brownsville TX, and included subsidiaries Orange & Northwestern RR, Beaumont, Sour Lake & Western Ry, and St. Louis, Brownsville & Mexico Ry.  These lines were originally owned by the Frisco, and were operated as the NOT&M Division of the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway.  Trackage rights over the Yazoo & Mississippi Valley provided access between Baton Rouge and New Orleans.

The NOT&M went into receivership in July 1913.  This receivership along with the Frisco's financial distress wiped out all Frisco interest in NOT&M.  A new corporation, the New Orleans, Texas & Mexico Railway, was incorporated in Louisiana on February 29, 1916, and took over operations on March 1, 1916.  Operating under the name Gulf Coast Lines, the NOT&M, its subsidiaries and the Y&MV operating agreement formed a through line from New Orleans to Brownsville.

On June 2, 1924, Missouri Pacific purchased a sizable block of NOT&M capital stock, with an option to secure 51% of the stock to gain a contrilling interest.  On June 21, 1924, NOT&M purchased sufficient stock of the International-Great Northern Railroad to gain control of that property.  This purchase was on behalf of Missouri Pacific.  The Gulf Coast Lines and I-GN were brought into the Missouri Pacific system in 1926.




 Under a cloud of it's own making, St. Louis Brownsville & Mexico #252 heads a mixed train west of Raymondville to Edinburg, Texas, where it will meet the Valley Eagle. September 10, 1946. R.H. Carlson photo / MPHS Collection.



SAU&G Public Timetable, August 1917